Recent Publications

 

Von Riesen und Zwergen – die USA und Österreich

in "Europäische Rundschau", Volume 44, 2016/2

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Besuchsdiplomatie und Koalitionsreibereien im Kalten Krieg

Der Gorbach-Besuch bei Kennedy im Mai 1962
Günter Bischof

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United States Responses to the Soviet Suppression of Rebellions in the German Democratic Republic, Hungary, and Czechoslovakia

April 26, 2011
Diplomacy & Statecraft, 22:61–80, 2011

Under Presidents Dwight Eisenhower and Lyndon Johnson, the United States refrained from intervening during the three major Cold War crises in the Soviet bloc in 1953, 1956, and 1968. The uprisings in the German Democratic Republic and Hungary came at a contentious stage of the Cold War. In 1968 East–West relations were again groping towards détente and, the Czechoslovak Communist Party unleashed an ambitious reform agenda under Alexander Dubcek.

On 20 August, a massive military invasion by Warsaw Pact forces squashed the reform spirit. All three challenges to Soviet control on the periphery of its Cold War empire followed power struggles in the Kremlin and intimations of a slackening of the reigns of control in Moscow. Eastern Europe was terra incognita for most Americans, and the United States had never pursued an active policy in Eastern Europe. All three crisis scenarios were overshadowed by crises in other parts of the world—part of larger arcs of crises the superpowers were confronting simultaneously.

The three crises also coincided, domestically, with intense presidential election politics. Washington ultimately respected the Yalta arrangements and tolerated the Soviet sphere of influence in Eastern Europe. Next to grudging respect for the Yalta outcomes, the ultimate spectre of mutual destruction in a nuclear war “compelled” the superpowers towards co-existence
and, ultimately, in 1989, the satellite states had to liberate
themselves.

April 26, 2011
Diplomacy & Statecraft, 22:61–80, 2011
Copyright © Taylor & Francis Group, LLC
ISSN: 0959-2296 print/1557-301X online
DOI: 10.1080/09592296.2011.549737


New Bookchapter

“Am Rand der Weltgeschichte? Osttirol und die Welt,” in: Museum der  Stadt Lienz Schloss Bruck, ed., /Spurensuche 3: Randlange im Wandel:  Osttirol – 1850 bis zur Gegenwart/ (Innsbruck: StudienVerlag, 2007), pp. 20-29.

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A Surfeit of Memory?

Günter Bischof
Contemporary Austrian Studies
Introduction: A Surfeit of Memory?

The year 2005 produced a memory blitz in Austria of unprecedented proportions. The major commemorations celebrated were the fiftieth anniversary of the Austrian State Treaty and the end of the four-power occupation, the sixtieth anniversary of the end of World War II and the reestablishment of an independent republic, and the tenth anniversary of the Austrian accession to the European Union.

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Der Wiener Gipfel 196: Kennedy - Chruschtschow

Stefan Karner (Herausgeber), Manfred Wilke (Herausgeber), Barbara Stelzl-Marx (Herausgeber), Natalja Tomilina (Herausgeber), Alexander Tschubarjan (Herausgeber), Günter Bischof (Herausgeber), Viktor IScenko (Herausgeber), Michail ProzumenScikov (Herausgeber), Peter Ruggenthaler (Herausgeber), Gerhard Wettig (Herausgeber).

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“Quiet Invaders” Revisited

January 31, 2013
IWM Post No. 110, May – August 2012.

On June 19, 2012, Austrian historian Günter Bischof presented to the iwm community and guests the results of his research on Austrian Immigrants/Refugees to the us “from the Burgenländer to Schwarzenegger”.